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Last Upated: April 15, 2021
Each spring, parents face one of the biggest decisions they can make for their child’s future: What school environment will their child will spend about 1,000 hours in next year?
Making that decision with confidence starts with knowing what options you have. In fact, you may have more school choices than you realize! Understanding these options can help you find a a great school for your child. And remember, each child is different. So, a great school for your neighbor’s child may look different than a great school for your child.
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As you know, most children in Wisconsin (and in America) attend traditional public schools. Traditional public schools are free to attend, open to all students, operated by school districts, and funded by taxpayers like you. Did you know that, on average, Wisconsin spends $12,558 per public school student each year?
Wisconsin has restricted open enrollment for public school. Open enrollment refers to whether parents can choose to send their child to any public school in Wisconsin, regardless of where they live or where the school is located. Based on Wisconsin’s laws, a parent may or may not be able to choose a traditional public school in another district, so you should check with your local school district to learn if this is available for you.
Parents are generally responsible for transporting their child to their public school of choice, but must provide it if a student has a disability. Low-income parents may apply for state reimbursement for transportation costs. Districts are allowed to collaborate to provide transportation, as well.
If open enrollment is an option for you, you can visit multiple public schools in your area and discover which is the best fit for your family. Traditional public schools aren’t all the same: They may differ in learning methods and one may just “feel different” than another to you. You can learn more about public schools in your state here: Wisconsin’s Department of Education.
Another public school choice for Wisconsin families are charter schools. Like traditional public schools, charter schools are public, free, and usually have no requirements for entry. What distinguishes charter schools is that they are allowed extra freedom to innovate with curriculum and learning methods and held accountable to authorizing bodies for results.
As of the 2020-2021 school year, Wisconsin families can choose from 230 public charter schools. Each school has a charter which explains the school’s purpose and what specific community need it serves, whether that be providing a language immersion program or offering a rigorous, literacy-based curriculum. If there are more families seeking admittance to a charter school than there are seats, a lottery system (like drawing random names out of a hat!) is usually used to determine admittance.
You can read more at the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction’s charter school page.
You can also choose magnet schools! These free public schools allow kids to narrow in on a specific learning track, such as engineering or the arts. Magnet schools teach all subjects through the lenses of that specific track. Wisconsin has several magnet schools scattered throughout the state. You can view some of these magnet program, for instance, on the state’s Department of Education website. These might be a good option if your child learns best by focusing on a subject they are passionate about.
Private schools offer a unique learning environment that may be smaller in size, pass on a specific religious tradition, or provide a different curriculum than is available in your district school. Wisconsin’s more than 700 private schools come in all shapes and sizes. The average tuition for private schools in the state is $4,494 per year, but keep in mind that schools often are more affordable at the elementary level than high school.
While private schools do charge tuition, any Wisconsin taxpayer can deduct the cost of private school tuition. Also, Wisconsin students with an IEP (Individualized Education Plan) are eligible to apply for the state’s special needs scholarship program, which can be used toward private school.
Additionally, Milwaukee students from families who meet certain income requirements can apply to the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, and students in Racine who meet similar requirements can apply to the Racine Parental Choice Program. Low-income students not assigned to the Milwaukee Public Schools or Racine Unified districts may also be able to apply for a private school voucher. Additional funding may be available from other sources.
Learn more at Private School Review: Wisconsin.
Don’t overlook virtual learning just because it is off the beaten track. It offers a uniquely flexible learning environment that meets a variety of family needs. Whether your child wants to accelerate his or her learning or needs a quieter environment in which to focus, you may be interested in giving virtual school a try.
In Wisconsin, students can access several free, full-time online school programs. These include Wisconsin Connections Academy and Wisconsin Virtual Academy. K12, the online education provider that powers Wisconsin Virtual Academy, also offers Destinations Career Academy of Wisconsin, a technical skills-based online school for students in grades 9-12. Additionally, K12 offers a program for at-risk students in grades 9-12, called Insight School of Wisconsin. In order for funding to follow a student to online school, their family must submit an Alternative Application through the Department of Education.
For part-time classes, middle-school and high-school students in Wisconsin may be able to enroll through their local public or private school in Wisconsin Virtual School. There may be fees attached and you should connect with your school to learn more.
Wisconsin Connections Academy has a rolling enrollment policy.
Since open enrollment has technically ended in Wisconsin, students interested in Wisconsin Virtual Academy, Destinations Career Academy of Wisconsin, or Insight School of Wisconsin must apply via the alternate enrollment process.
As of December 2020, Wisconsin Connections Academy and Wisconsin Virtual Academy have seats available for grades K-12. Destinations Career Academy of Wisconsin and Insight School of Wisconsin have seats available for grades 9-12.
At Wisconsin Connections Academy, families in grades K-8 can receive one laptop per household and families in grades 9-12 can receive one laptop per student. At Wisconsin Virtual Academy, Destinations Career Academy of Wisconsin, and Insight School of Wisconsin, families are not typically provided technology and wifi. But, there may be exceptions in specific cases of financial hardship.
Wisconsin families can also choose to homeschool, which allows for high levels of customized learning and flexibility. Homeschooling is the process of parents educating students at home. All 50 states allow parents to homeschool.
In Wisconsin, it is required that you provide notice of your intent to homeschool by October 15, annually. It is recommended that you formally withdraw from your public school so your student is not marked truant. In the case that you decide to return to public school in the middle of the school year, you must notify the school via form PI-1206 or by contacting the School Management Services Team at WPI. Placement is determined by each district individually.
Micro-schools, pods, pandemic pods, and learning pods all refer to the same concept: students gathering together in a small group – with adult supervision – to learn, explore, and socialize. Pods themselves can take a variety of legal forms, but in general they can be separated into two categories: self-directed pod (homeschool, homeschool collaborative, or micro-school) and learning support pod. It’s important to understand what kind of pod you are signing up for and the requirements that go along with it. Learn more about learning pods.
If your learning pod or micro-school is choosing its own curriculum and each family is directing their own children’s schooling, it likely qualifies as a homeschool in Wisconsin. Read more about the requirements for homeschooling and get tips from HSLDA here. Note that homeschooled students in Wisconsin may still be eligible to participate in sports, activities, or classes at local public schools.
If your learning pod contains more than two families and will have teachers leading unique classes just for your school, it may qualify as a private school. You can read more about what Wisconsin classifies as a private school, how they’re regulated, and how to start one.
If your child is going to be enrolled in remote learning through your local public school and supervised by an adult in your learning pod, you do not need to register as a homeschool or private school. Keep in mind that you have multiple online learning options, including multiple free, full-time online schools that are available to students statewide.
For additional information about school choices in Wisconsin, visit these resources:
National School Choice Week 2022 will take place January 23 – 29, 2022. We encourage all schools, homeschool groups, organizations and individuals to join the celebration. Check out ideas, inspiration, and more information!
Wisconsin celebrated National School Choice Week 2021 with 679 virtual events and activities across the state. Click the button below to learn more about school choice in Wisconsin.
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