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Last Upated: March 17, 2021
The “best” school looks different for each family. After all, your child has a unique personality, academic strengths, and interests. That being the case, knowing your K-12 options in Hawaii can help you choose a great school for your child with confidence. This post will breakdown the six types of schools available to you, as well as provide some extra resources.
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Most children in Hawaii (and in America) attend traditional public schools. Traditional public schools are free to attend, open to all students, operated by school districts, and funded by federal, state, and local government. In Hawaii, the state spends an average of $14,254 per public school pupil each year.
Each state has different open enrollment laws for public school. These laws determine whether parents can choose to send their child to any traditional public school, such as a school outside their neighborhood. In Hawaii, the school district system is divided into 15 “complex areas.” Hawaii parents should contact their district about its open enrollment policies, and whether they can consider schools outside their assigned area.
Open enrollment is a valuable choice for parents because it gives families access to more free, public school options. Traditional public schools aren’t all the same; they may differ in learning methods and one may be a better fit than another for your child.
Find out more about public schools in your state here: Hawaii’s Department of Education.
Depending on where you live in Hawaii, you may have another public school option in charter schools. Charter schools are tuition-free public schools that are allowed extra freedom to innovate with curriculum and learning methods.
Hawaii passed charter school legislation in 1994. As of 2019, Hawaii had more than 35 charter schools that families could choose from; you can find a list of Hawaii’s charter schools on the state’s Department of Education website.
Each school has a charter which explains the school’s purpose and what specific community need it serves, whether that be providing a language immersion program or offering a rigorous, literacy-based curriculum. If there are more families seeking admittance to a charter school than there are seats, a lottery system is usually used to determine admittance.
In most states, families can also choose magnet schools. These are free public schools that allow kids to narrow in on a specific learning track, such as engineering or the performing arts. At a magnet school, all the subjects are taught through the lenses of that specific track. Unfortunately, there are no freestanding public magnet schools currently in operation in Hawaii. There may be magnet programs in traditional public schools, and the law allows for independent magnet schools, so stay tuned in the future!
Families in Hawaii can also consider private schools, nonpublic schools that charge tuition. Private schools may offer a unique curriculum, smaller class sizes, or a faith-based tradition. Hawaii’s more than 100 private schools come in all shapes and forms, from religious schools to schools designed for children with special needs.
The average tuition for private schools in Hawaii is $12,690 per year, but keep in mind that schools often are more affordable at the elementary level than high school. Unfortunately, in Hawaii there are not currently any state-run scholarships to help families with the cost of private school, though private scholarships may be available. Additionally, families can save for K-12 private school tuition using tax-preferred 529 savings accounts.
Whether your child wants to accelerate his or her learning or needs a quieter environment in which to focus, you may be interested in giving virtual school a try.
High school and middle school students enrolled in any traditional public or charter school can take part-time classes through Hawaii’s e-school. Parents who would like to enroll their student in online school full-time can hire a private provider. Paid options such as George Washington University Online High School, The Keystone School, and K12 International Academy are available in any state.
Homeschooling is another school option. Homeschooling is the process of parents educating students at home and is permitted in all 50 states. As both technology and school choices have spread in Hawaii, homeschooling is an increasingly popular choice with more support and resources than ever.
In Hawaii, the state requires notice of your intent to homeschool prior to beginning to homeschool. It is required that you withdraw from your current school through the notice of intent to homeschool that is given to your principal. In the case that you decide to switch back to public school in the middle of the school year, you must submit notification to the principal of your zoned public school.
Hawaii may have funding assistance available to you if you decide to homeschool through a charter homeschool program.
Micro-schools, pods, pandemic pods, and learning pods all refer to the same concept: students gathering together in a small group – with adult supervision – to learn, explore, and socialize. Pods themselves can take a variety of legal forms, but in general they can be separated into two categories: self-directed pod (homeschool, homeschool collaborative, or micro-school) and learning support pod. It’s important to understand what kind of pod you are signing up for and the requirements that go along with it. Learn more about learning pods.
If your learning pod or micro-school is choosing its own curriculum and each family is directing their own children’s schooling, it likely qualifies as a homeschool in Hawaii. Read more about the requirements for homeschooling and get tips from HSLDA here.
If your learning pod contains more than two families and will have teachers leading unique classes just for your school, it may qualify as a private school. You can read more about what Hawaii classifies as a private school, how they’re regulated, and how to start one.
If your child is going to be enrolled in remote learning through your local public school and supervised by an adult in your learning pod, you do not need to register as a homeschool or private school. Keep in mind that you have multiple online learning options, including enrolling in part-time middle school or high school classes in Hawaii’s e-school.
National School Choice Week 2022 will take place January 23 – 29, 2022. We encourage all schools, homeschool groups, organizations and individuals to join the celebration. Check out ideas, inspiration, and more information!
Hawaii celebrated National School Choice Week 2021 with 79 virtual events and activities across the state. Click the button below to learn more about school choice in Hawaii.
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