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Last Upated: April 15, 2021
If you live in North Dakota and are making a decision about K-12 education for your child, this post is for you. Where you send your child to school impacts whether they are inspired, happy, and equipped for success! While North Dakota offers fewer options than most states, there are still choices. You can choose from traditional public schools, private schools, online academies, homeschooling, and learning pods. While North Dakota does not currently have public charter schools and public magnet schools, these are options in most states.
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Most North Dakota families choose traditional public schools. Operated by school districts, these are free to attend, open to all students, and funded by taxpayers. On average, North Dakota spends $14,381 per public school student each year.
In North Dakota, the state allows each district decides to set its own open enrollment policies. Open enrollment refers to whether parents can send their children to any public school, regardless of where it is located. North Dakota parents wanting to transfer their child to a different public school than the one they are assigned should contact their local school district to see if this is an option. This is an important form of public school choice, widening parents options and ensuring that their zip code isn’t the sole determiner of their education.
Find out more about public schools in your state here: North Dakota Department of Education.
North Dakota is one of only five states that have not yet passed laws allowing public charter schools. Charter schools are public schools that are allowed the freedom to innovate while being held accountable for student achievement. Charter schools are tuition-free public schools that are allowed the freedom to innovate while being held accountable for student achievement. The school’s charter describes what unique community need the school seeks to fill, and the school may be authorized by a governing body, a college, or a school board.
While North Dakota families cannot yet choose public charters, this may be an option in the future.
Magnet schools are free public schools that allow kids to narrow in on a specific learning track, such as an International Baccalaureate program or the performing arts. At a magnet school, all the subjects are taught through the lenses of that specific track. Unfortunately, there are no freestanding public magnet schools currently in operation in North Dakota. There may be magnet programs in traditional public schools, and the law allows for independent magnet schools, so stay tuned in the future!
Families in North Dakota can also consider private schools, nonpublic schools that charge tuition. Private schools may offer a unique curriculum, smaller class sizes, or a faith-based tradition. There are more than 40 private schools across the state of North Dakota. These schools come in all shapes and forms, from religious schools to schools designed for children with special needs.
The average tuition for private schools in the state is $5,360 per year, but keep in mind that schools often are more affordable at the elementary level than high school. Unfortunately, there are no state-run scholarship options in North Dakota at present, but private scholarships may be available. Also, since 2018, the federal government allows parents to save for K-12 private school tuition using tax-preferred 529 savings accounts.
Learn more at Private School Review: North Dakota.
Don’t overlook online learning, which offers a uniquely flexible learning environment that meets a variety of family needs. Whether your child wants to accelerate his or her learning or needs a quieter environment in which to focus, you may be interested in giving virtual school a try.
While there is not currently a free full-time option for North Dakota students, elementary through high school students may enroll in courses through the North Dakota Center for Distance Education for a fee. Families can enroll in courses at any time throughout the year, and most courses do not have a set deadline. The North Dakota Center for Distance Learning has availability for all grades for the 2020-2021 school year, though some courses in each grade may be full. The school does not supply free technology and wifi to families, so students must have access to these at home.
Besides North Dakota Center for Distance Education, students can also consider other paid online school options, like George Washington University Online High School, The Keystone School, and K12 International Academy.
Homeschooling is another school choice in North Dakota. Homeschooling is the process of parents educating students at home; all 50 states allow it.
In North Dakota, notice of your intent to homeschool is required at least 14 days prior to starting or within 14 days of moving and annually. It is recommended that you formally withdraw from your public school so your student is not marked truant. In the case that you decide to return to public school in the middle of the school year, you must submit record-keeping documentation to the superintendent of your school.
If you are looking for a highly customizable and flexible education for your child and think homeschooling could fit the bill, check out a great how-to about homeschooling in North Dakota. You may also want to check out the North Dakota Home School Association.
Micro-schools, pods, pandemic pods, and learning pods all refer to the same concept: students gathering together in a small group – with adult supervision – to learn, explore, and socialize. Pods themselves can take a variety of legal forms, but in general they can be separated into two categories: self-directed pod (homeschool, homeschool collaborative, or micro-school) and learning support pod. It’s important to understand what kind of pod you are signing up for and the requirements that go along with it. Learn more about learning pods.
If your learning pod or micro-school is choosing its own curriculum and each family is directing their own children’s schooling, it likely qualifies as a homeschool in North Dakota. Read more about the requirements for homeschooling and get tips from HSLDA here. Note that homeschooled students in North Dakota may still be eligible to participate in sports, activities, or classes at local public schools.
If your learning pod contains more than two families and will have teachers leading unique classes just for your school, it may qualify as a private school. You can read more about what North Dakota classifies as a private school, how they’re regulated, and how to start one.
If your child is going to be enrolled in remote learning through your local public school and supervised by an adult in your learning pod, you do not need to register as a homeschool or private school. Keep in mind that you have multiple online learning options, including enrolling in a full-time private online school for a fee.
For additional information about school choice in North Dakota, visit these resources:
National School Choice Week 2022 will take place January 23 – 29, 2022. We encourage all schools, homeschool groups, organizations and individuals to join the celebration. Check out ideas, inspiration, and more information!
North Dakota celebrated National School Choice Week 2021 with 42 virtual events and activities across the state. Click the button below to learn more about school choice in North Dakota.
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